What are Electronic Locking Systems?

Electronic Lock

Electronic locks have typically been employed in commercial buildings and fancy residences, but the trend is rapidly changing, with more regular households incorporating technology security solutions. Professional locksmith services are in high demand because they are the only way to ensure that new lock technology is implemented reliably, which is a priority for many homeowners and business owners. Electronic locks provide numerous advantages, including relieving homeowners and businesses of the inconvenience of carrying keys or the risk of losing them. This article will look at the technology behind electronic locks as well as some of the options available.

How do Electronic Locks Function?

Traditional locks that use metal keys are mechanically operated, whereas electronic locks use electric signals such as radio and electromagnetic waves. Their mechanical components react to solenoids, electromagnets, or motors, which interact directly with electrical signals. When the power goes off, electronic locks can contain fail-safe or fail-secure mechanisms that unlock or lock the locks, accordingly. Access control components such as keypads, buttons, smart cards, and fobs can also be included. Entering codes on the keypad, triggering the fobs, or swiping a card sends an electric current to the locks, which opens or locks them. To ensure that only authentic keys can unlock electronic locks, they are programmed to accept precise pre-coded electric signals. Most electronic locks additionally include an emergency access option, such as a key slot, that allows users to physically open them in the event of a power outage or malfunction.

Electronic Security Lock Types

Various electronic locks have distinct characteristics that are suited to various applications, including:

Magnetic Locks 

An electromagnet and an armature plate are the two primary components of magnetic locks. The armature plate is put into the door, and the electromagnet is connected to the frame of the door. When the electromagnet is turned on, it attracts the armature plate, which closes and holds the door in place. Magnetic locks can withstand hundreds of pounds of strain.

On the disadvantage, electromagnetic locks are easily disassembled, necessitating the use of additional security devices such as access control systems. When the electricity goes out, magnetic locks automatically unlock. However, judicious placement of magnetic locks can transform these shortcomings into advantages. For example, they can be installed on emergency exit doors in conjunction with an alarm system that activates when the door is opened.

Keypad Locks

Keypad electronic locks are significantly more expensive than other types of electronic locks for a reason: they are more secure. Instead of keys or electromagnetic forces, keypad locks take security codes. They reduce the risk of key loss while increasing the obligation for security passwords. 

RFID Security Lock

RFID locks communicate with electronic keys through radio signals. The RFID component is typically embedded on cards and generates short-range signals that, upon contact, release the locks. On the negative side, RFID systems are comparable to classic lock systems in that losing the card might allow unwanted individuals entry.


When adopting electronic lock systems, power supply is a vital factor to consider. While these locks raise your average electricity use, the cost is negligible in comparison to the convenience and security they provide. They not only provide greater access control options, but they also eliminate the cost of replacing locks if keys are lost. When the original key is exposed, most electronic locks, particularly keypad locks, can be programmed to accept new keys with the help of a specialized locksmith service.